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JS SDK: Your First Transaction

This section is a quick start guide for interacting with the Algorand network using JavaScript. This guide will help to install the Algorand sandbox, which provides a node for testing and development. This guide will also help to install the JavaScript SDK, create an account and submit your first transaction using different JavaScript Runtimes. ​

Install Sandbox


This step is only required if you are not using AlgoKit. If you are using AlgoKit, you can spin up a sandbox using the LocalNet, see AlgoKit getting started guide for more information.


Algorand provides a docker instance for setting up a node, which can be used to get started developing quickly. To install and use this instance, follow these instructions. ​

git clone
cd sandbox
./sandbox up dev

This will install and start private network. To read more about Algorand networks see Algorand Networks.

More Information about the sandbox and how to use it. ​ ​

Install JavaScript SDK

Algorand provides an SDK for JavaScript. The instructions for installing the SDK will depend on what runtime you plan on using.


  • Install Node.js
    # initialize project
    npm init
    # install Algorand sdk
    npm install algosdk
    # list the version
    npm list algosdk
    # This package provides TypeScript types, but you will need TypeScript version 4.2 or higher to use them properly.

The GitHub repository contains additional documentation and examples.

See the JavaScript SDK reference documentation for more information on methods.

The SDK is installed and can now interact with the running Algorand Sandbox environment, as configured above.


Using a Web Runtime requires the AlgoSigner extension or other web-based private key management software. For more information see community wallets.

Create an Account

In order to interact with the Algorand blockchain, you must have a funded account. To quickly create a test account use the following code.

const generatedAccount = algosdk.generateAccount();
const passphrase = algosdk.secretKeyToMnemonic(;
console.log(`My address: ${generatedAccount.addr}`);
console.log(`My passphrase: ${passphrase}`);
Snippet Source

More Information


Never share mnemonic private keys. Production environments require stringent private key management. For more information on key management in community wallets, click here. For the Algorand open source wallet, click here.

Fund the Account

Before sending transactions to the Algorand network, the account must be funded to cover the minimal transaction fees that exist on Algorand. In this example, we'll be using prefunded accounts available in the Sandbox. To fund an account on Testnet account use the Algorand faucet. ​


All Algorand accounts require a minimum balance to be registered in the ledger. To read more about Algorand minimum balance see Account Overview

Connect Your Client

An Algod client must be instantiated prior to making calls to the API endpoints. You must provide values for <algod-address> and <algod-token>. The CLI tools implement the client natively. By default, the algodToken for each sandbox is set to its aaa... value and the algodAddress corresponds to http://localhost:4001.

const algodToken = 'a'.repeat(64);
const algodServer = 'http://localhost';
const algodPort = 4001;

const algodClient = new algosdk.Algodv2(algodToken, algodServer, algodPort);
Snippet Source


The example code connects to the sandbox Algod client. If you want to connect to a public API client, change the host, port, and token parameters to match the API service. See some service available here


If you are connecting to the Testnet, a dispenser is available here

Check Your Balance

Before moving on to the next step, make sure your account has been funded by the faucet.

const acctInfo = await algodClient.accountInformation(acct.addr).do();
console.log(`Account balance: ${acctInfo.amount} microAlgos`);
Snippet Source

Build First Transaction

Transactions are used to interact with the Algorand network. To create a payment transaction use the following code.

const suggestedParams = await algodClient.getTransactionParams().do();
const ptxn = algosdk.makePaymentTxnWithSuggestedParamsFromObject({
  from: acct.addr,
  to: acct2.addr,
  amount: 10000,
  note: new Uint8Array(Buffer.from('hello world')),
Snippet Source


Algorand supports many transaction types. To see what types are supported see Transactions.

Sign First Transaction

Before the transaction is considered valid, it must be signed by a private key. Use the following code to sign the transaction. ​

const signedTxn = ptxn.signTxn(acct.privateKey);
Snippet Source


Algorand provides many ways to sign transactions. To see other ways see Authorization.

Submit the Transaction

The signed transaction can now be submitted to the network.waitForConfirmation is called after the transaction is submitted to wait until the transaction is broadcast to the Algorand blockchain and is confirmed. The below snippet also shows how you can decode the data in the node field again to make it readable.

const { txId } = await algodClient.sendRawTransaction(signedTxn).do();
const result = await algosdk.waitForConfirmation(algodClient, txId, 4);
console.log(`Transaction Information: ${result.txn}`);
console.log(`Decoded Note: ${Buffer.from(result.txn.txn.note).toString()}`);
Snippet Source

View the Transaction

To view the transaction we submitted to the sandbox Algod, open DappFlow and choose Sandbox configuration option, then search for the transaction ID.

To view a transaction submitted to public network like testnet, open Pera Explorer or Bitquery and paste the transaction ID into the search bar or simply click on the funded transaction link on the dispenser page.